Search

18 August 2017

SCHOLARSHIP: Lourdes Lascurain de Doucet & Gaston Ducet Library (DEADLINE 15 SEP 2017)

(image source: MPI Frankfurt)

The MPI for European Legal History has a scholarship available to work on the library of Lourdes Lascurain de Doucet and Gaston Doucet. The scholarship supports a stay in Frankfurt for scientific research related to the library collection, starting between January and March 2018, for maximum 90 days (lump sum of € 44/day). Travel costs will be reimbursed. An appartment at the Institute can be rented at about € 650/month.

The scholarship is specifically directed at scholars who do not reside in Frankfurt, or come from Latin America.

Information concerning the application (in Spanish):
Para facilitar el acceso a la colección a jóvenes investigadoras e investigadores no residentes en Frankfurt, especialmente provenientes de América Latina, interesados en hacer uso de este importante fondo, el Instituto Max Planck para la Historia del Derecho Europeo otorga anualmente un subsidio para una estancia de investigación durante un periodo de 3 meses en el Instituto. La primera convocatoria de la “Beca Doucet” se encuentra abierta y el plazo para el envío de las aplicaciones es el día Viernes 15 de Septiembre de 2017, para una estancia de Enero a Marzo de 2018 (02.01-30.03.18). Concretamente, el apoyo consta de: 44 € diarios, por un máximo de 90 días; reembolso del tiquete aéreo (hasta 1000 € para vuelos trasatlánticos, 500 € para vuelos desde Europa). Además existe la posibilidad de alquilar una habitación en las residencias del Instituto (disponible para meses completos y costos approx. 650 € por mes). Pueden presentarse jóvenes investigadores que presenten propuestas sobre la historia del derecho colonial, directamente relacionados con las monografías y ediciones de fuentes que conforman el Fondo Doucet. Para consultar los títulos que conforman el Fondo, puede acceder al catálogo de la biblioteca del instituto e ingresar “Provenienz Doucet” en el campo de búsqueda básica del Opac: https://sunrise.rg.mpg.de/webOPAC Las aplicaciones (CV, descripción del proyecto y carta de motivación en relación al uso del Fondo Doucet) se recibirán hasta el 15 de Septiembre 2017, dirigidas al Prof. Thomas Duve, al correo electrónico: sekduve@rg.mpg.de.
More information here.

15 August 2017

ARTICLE: Anne HOLTHOEFER, Construction of International Crime: Lawyers, States, and the Origin of International Criminal Prosecution in the Interwar Period (Law & Social Inquiry XLII (2017), No. 3, 711-743)


Anne Holthoefer (Saint Anselm College) published an article on the "construction of international crime" and the interbellum.

Abstract:
This article explains the development of international crime as a legal category. I argue that states’ pursuit of political rights claims empowers international lawyers to develop new legal categories to grant states new tools to pursue their interests. At the same time, lawyers have a stake in defending the autonomy of law from politics, thus pushing for the development of legal norms and institutions that go beyond the original state intent. States’ turn to law thus begets more law, expanding the legal and institutional tools to solve international problems while simultaneously enforcing a commitment to principles of legality. To demonstrate the plausibility of the theory, the article studies the construction of the concept of an international crime in the interwar period (1919–1939). In response to the Allies’ attempt to prosecute the German Emperor, international lawyers sought the codification of international criminal law and drafted enforcement mechanisms. The interwar legal debate not only introduced international crime into the legal and political vocabulary, it also legitimized a new set of institutional responses to violations of international law, namely, international criminal prosecution.
Source: International Law Reporter.
More information with Wiley.

CONFERENCE: Humanitarianism and the Remaking of International Law: History, Ideology, Practice, Technology (Melbourne, 31 May-1 June 2018)

(image source: Blogger
Conference Humanitarianism and the Remaking of International Law: History, Ideology, Practice, Technology
Call for Papers: Deadline 1 September 2017
The language and logic of humanitarianism occupy an increasingly central place in international law. Humanitarian reason has shaped the ideology, practice, and technologies of international law over the past century, including through the redescription of the laws of war as international humanitarian law, the framing of mass displacement and armed conflict as ‘humanitarian’ crises, the use of humanitarian justifications for intervention, occupation, and detention, and the representation of international law as an expression of the conscience of humanity.
For some, this trend is clearly positive – international law is reimagined as humanity’s law, humanity as the alpha and omega of international law. Yet critics have pointed to the dark side of these developments and of the humanitarian logic operating within international law, arguing that consolidation of the laws of war has served the interests of powerful groups and states at key moments of potential challenge to existing systems of rule, humanitarianism has been taken up as a language to rationalise the violence of certain forms of occupation, intervention, and warfare, international humanitarian law has displaced other more constraining forms of law as the world becomes imagined as a global battlefield, humanitarian NGOs have served as a fifth column that has enabled particular forms of social transformation and constrained others, and a supposedly impartial humanitarianism has displaced politics.
This conference will bring together scholars working in law, history, international relations, and political theory to think critically about the ideology, institutions, practices, and technologies that condition modern humanitarianism and its relation to international law. Confirmed speakers include Amanda Alexander, Leila Brännström, Markus Gunneflo, Helen Kinsella, Martti Koskenniemi, Dino Kritsiotis, Frédéric Mégret, Naz Modirzadeh, Gregor Noll, Rose Parfitt, Hani Sayed, Ntina Tzouvala, Boyd van Dijk, and Fabia Veçoso. Selected papers will be published in an edited collection by a leading publisher.
Paper proposals related to the conference theme are now invited. Possible topics for papers include:
  • laws of war and the social question
  • international humanitarian law and revolution
  • decolonisation and the remaking of international humanitarian law
  • humanitarian intervention and occupation in international law and history
  • humanitarian and securitisation responses to dispossession, displacement, and refugees
  • international humanitarian law and the framing of civil war
  • international humanitarian law and national liberation movements
  • incidents and events in the history of international humanitarian law-making
  • humanitarian law and human rights law in the 'global' battle space
  • humanitarian organisations and the politics of intervention
  • the relation of humanitarianism and counter-terrorism in international law
  • knowledge production and international humanitarian law
  • humanitarian law and visual culture 
  • international humanitarian law and practices of distinction
  • the technologies of humanitarian law and war
  • humanitarian law and algorithmic warfare
  • humanitarianism and the penal turn in international law
  • the meanings of humanitarian law across time and space
  • the political economy of international humanitarianism
  • critical geographies of international humanitarian law
  • international law after humanity
Those proposing papers for presentation at the Conference should submit a one page abstract and brief bio by email to Professor Anne Orford at laureate-intlaw@unimelb.edu.au by 1 September 2017. 

(source: International Law Reporter)

BIBLIOGRAPHY: David Berg Foundation for Law and History, Tel Aviv University (bibliography on Israeli legal history)

(image source: Tel Aviv University)

David Schorr reports on H-Law that a new bibliography of Israeli legal history has been published by the David Berg Foundation Institute for Law and History at Tel Aviv University.

More information here.

CONFERENCE: Great Christian Jurists (Maria Laach, 28-29 Sep 2017)

(image source: Wikimedia Commons)

Prof. Mathias Schmoeckel (Universität Bonn) organises a conference on Great Christian Jurists.


Programme:
September 28, 2017
16:00
Welcome Reception / Registration / Coffee
17:00 – 18:00
Eike von Repgow (Tilman Repgen, University of Hamburg)
18:00 – 19:00
Johann von Buch (Mathias Schmoeckel, University of Bonn)
19:00 – 20:00
Andreas Gaill (Wolfgang Forster, University of Tübingen)
20:30
Dinner

September 29, 2017
08:30 – 09:30
Samuel von Pufendorf (Robert von Friedeburg, Erasmus University Rotterdam)
09:30 – 10:30
Christian Thomasius (Christoph Strohm, University of Heidelberg)
10:30 – 11:30
Carl Gottlieb Svarez (Sebastian Michels, University of Bonn)
11:30 – 12:30
Friedrich Carl von Savigny (Joachim Rückert, University of Frankfurt)
12:30 – 13:30
Friedrich Julius Stahl (Heinrich de Wall, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)
13:30 – 14:30
Lunch
14:30 – 15:30
Karl Friedrich Eichhorn (Steffen Schlinker, University of Greifswald)
15:30 – 16:30
Sylvester Jordan (Hans-Georg Hermann, University of Munich)
16:30 – 17:30
Moritz August von Bethmann-Hollweg (Hans-Peter Haferkamp, University of Cologne
17:30 – 18:30
Maximilian Anton von Seydel (Malte Becker, University of Bonn)
18:30 – 19:30
Rudolf Sohm (Andreas Thier, University of Zurich)
20:00
Dinner

Source: HSozKult

BOOK REVIEW: Hans-Jürgen BECKER reviews Franck ROUMY, Mathias SCHMOECKEL & Orazio CONDORELLI (eds.), Der Einfluss der Kanonistik auf die europäische Rechtskultur



Recensio.net published a review by Hans-Jürgen Becker of Franck Roumy, Mathias Schmoeckel and Orazio Condorelli's collective work on the influence of canon law on European legal culture, published originally in the Zeitschrift für Historische Forschung 2016/4.

Fulltext here (public law) and here (penal law and penal procedure).

CALL FOR PAPERS: Fifth International Conference of the History of Political Thought, "Crisis and Renewal in the History of Political Thought" (Heidelberg, 11-13 Oct 2018); DEADLINE 30 Sep 2017



The European Society for the History of Political Thought (ESHPT, http://europoliticalthought.wordpress.com ) invites proposals for individual papers and panels for its next international conference. In view of the contiguous research areas with (comparative) legal history, we reproduce the call:

Amongst the keywords that have shaped the language of media, public conversation, politico-economic discourse and academic debate in the last few years, ‘crisis’ holds a prominent place. The term is applied to a huge variety of domains: from the never-ending cries of a ‘global economic crisis’ to descriptions of war zones as ‘crisis-torn’, on to characterisations of professionals as ‘crisis-experts’ as well as references to governmental ‘crisis-management’ teams. The frequency with which the word is utilised though does not signify clarity of meaning, nor does it denote historical and theoretical accuracy with regard to its origins and usages. In fact, the wide range of uses makes it for much uncertainty: from indicating stark alternatives and non-negotiable decisions, it has assumed vague connotations, which might be seen as a sign that the current historical era is deeply marked by instability and lack of clear direction(s).
If the Oxford English Dictionary stresses that ‘crisis’ pointed, first and foremost, to the medical sense of ‘the turning-point of a disease for better or worse’, before the connotations closer to those normally referred to nowadays, that is of ‘times of difficulty, insecurity, and suspense in politics or commerce’, it is important to underline that plenty of historians have reflected on crisis from different angles. Economic and social historians (Eric Hobsbawm, Hugh Trevor-Roper, Roland Mousnier, Geoffrey Parker and others) have addressed the ‘general crisis of the seventeenth century’ as a series of calamities in Europe inaugurating the dynamic development of capitalism and the emergence of modern states. In a similar vein, Paul Hazard described the late seventeenth-century ‘crisis of the European mind’ as leading to the Enlightenment, while according to Reinhart Koselleck enlightened ‘critique’ represented a challenge (i.e. of the political by the social, ethical and cultural), and ‘crisis’ the moment of subversion. In each of these approaches the idea of ‘crisis’ comes across as a kind of ‘testing time’ that might give rise to new experimentation. As a matter of fact, this throws interesting light on the current, apparently ‘critical’ predicament of liberal democracy and the agenda this might prescribe for political theorizing.
Whilst taking into consideration these approaches (which are just a sample), our conference at Heidelberg University, where Koselleck was a student and wrote Kritik und Krise, is shaped by the thematic and methodological preoccupations of the history of political thought. Our aim is to broaden some of these themes in new directions and investigate the notion of ‘crisis and renewal’ (also as a mirror image of work on ‘decline and fall’). We ask papers to focus on the ways in which the self-reflection of innovative thinkers in critical times moulded their vocabularies and the modalities in which the ‘critical’ element of their contributions was articulated. We invite proposals that address, but are not confined to, the following questions:
- How does political thought react to critical moments in history?
- Does political thought produce ‘crisis/es’?
- Are moments of ‘crisis’ also moments of creativity for the history of political thought and political theory?
- Are existing concepts at a given time suited to face crises or are established principles employed in different ways to respond and make sense of them?
- How can we theorise, indeed reflect both theoretically and historically, vis-à-vis (notions of) ‘crisis’?
- How do we account for the complex changes and developments occurred in the meanings of ‘crisis’ from ancient Greece (where the word was coined) up to the last few decades?
- What trajectory/ies did ideas of crisis take in different contexts at different historical junctures?
- What are the relations between political ideas and material factors such as famine, war, weather etc. in conjunction with ‘crisis’?
These questions need to be addressed by embracing the full geographical and chronological spectrum of ‘European political thought’ from antiquity to the present. Given the interdisciplinary nature of the ESHPT and of the discipline of the history of political thought, we welcome papers and panels seeking to cover some of the questions above from multiple methodological and historiographical perspectives (e.g., political thought, political theory, history, philosophy, law).
Keynote speakers: Erica Benner (Berlin)
Paschalis Kitromilides (Athens)
Proposals for individual 20 minute papers should be no longer than 250 words, and proposals for panels should not exceed 500 words. Short CVs of the speakers should be added (name, institutional affiliations, major publications – no more than five). Panels at the conference will normally last 90 minutes, with 3 papers each. (Exceptionally, panel proposals consisting of more than 3 papers can be accommodated.)
Please send your proposals by 30 September 2017 to László Kontler, kontlerl@ceu.edu, cc to Gregor Stiebert, gregorstiebert@zegk.uni-heidelberg.de.
Authors will be notified of paper acceptance or non-acceptance by 15 December 2017.

19 July 2017

CALL FOR PAPERS: Movable Goods and Immovable Property. Gender, Law and Material Culture in Early Modern Europe (1450‒1850) [9th Conference of the European network “Gender Differences in the History of European Legal Cultures”] (London: GHI); DEADLINE 1 OCT 2017

Movable Goods and Immovable Property. Gender, Law and Material Culture in Early Modern Europe (1450‒1850)
9th Conference of the European network “Gender Differences in the History of European Legal Cultures”

German Historical Institute London, 19-21 July 2018
Conveners: Annette Cremer (Gießen), Hannes Ziegler (London)

(image source: HU Berlin)


The history of material cultures offers important new ways of studying the significance of gender differences in the history of legal cultures by exploring new relationships between gender, law and material culture. Material and immaterial possession informs the self-image of individuals and societies, dynasties and families. A threefold scheme of legal distinction differentiates between usufruct (1), possession (2), and property (3). Yet these relationships between individuals and objects are not only relevant to civil law, but correspond to political regimes. While usufruct, possession and property thus correspond to different forms of authority and society, they also have a bearing on gender relations on different levels of society. Usually, these gendered aspects of material culture are the products of traditional proximities between certain areas of activity and related groups of objects. Communities in early modern Europe can thus be said to have a gendered and often legally sanctioned relationship to the material world and the world of objects.

Our assumption is that this situation led to social rivalries and gender-informed conflicts between individual members of societies regarding usufruct, possession, and property. The action of taking possession of something is thus more than just a way of achieving material security, but a form of social practice and a way of self-assertion: in order to gain social status, as a way of accumulating social capital or broadening one’s personal or dynastic room for manoeuvre. In this respect, the single most important event is the distribution of goods in generational succession. Despite their chronologically wide applicability, we would like to explore these questions with respect to early modern history.

The starting point for our conference is objects and groups of objects, that is to say, mobile and immobile resources, and their relationships with gender, structures of power, estate orders, customs and legal norms. Perspectives from social and legal sciences will thus be combined with approaches from material culture studies. Our basic assumption is that ways and forms of usufruct, possession and property regarding certain objects inform the self-image and the prospects of individuals and families. What changes and dynamics can be observed in relation to the correlations between gender and objects? What differences occur between different forms of societies?

The network „Gender Differences in the History of European Legal Cultures“ operates in a diachronic and comparative way. We are therefore looking for papers engaging with the relationships between objects, gendered self-images and rights of ownership on the basis of textual, pictorial and material sources in Europe between 1450 and 1850. Despite this emphasis on early modern history, we also encourage proposals that highlight transitions from the Middle Ages. Papers should engage with one or more of the following themes and questions:

1.      How can the distinction between movables and immovables be explained? On what experiences and everyday considerations is it based?
2.      When does the category of movables become relevant? Is the understanding of the house as immovable based on its material aspects, e.g. fabrics?
3.      Does the gendered coding of movables and immovables exist in different legal areas? How is the attribution of gendered codes argued for?
4.      What are the consequences of gendered attributions of objects and resources? Does the distribution of resources lead to specific hazards or profits?
5.      What objects are especially disputed? We are looking for examples of individuals trying to take possession of mobile and immobile, material and immaterial resources.
6.      Can tensions be discerned between the aims and interests of households and family units and the superior interests of the manorial system, the economies of cities and states, or the public weal?
7.      Does the distinction between mobiles and immobiles extend beyond legal norms? How is it handled in Common or Roman Law?
8.      What are the strategies of testators for distributing their property? How binding were marriage contracts and last wills in the case of succession?
9.      What institutions are resorted to in case of conflicts?
10.  How is the value of mobiles and immobiles assessed? How relevant are market values, auctions and valuers?
11.  What is the role of gender, marital status, age, social standing, and religious confession for pursuing one’s interest and the chances of success in the case of judicial conflicts?
12.  What is the influence of the distribution of wealth on power relations within the family?
13.  And finally: what is the shape of households that have been reorganised by gavelkind, single heir rule and other mechanisms of distribution? In other words: how is the redistribution of goods handled within households?

Keynotes will be presented by:

Amy Erickson (Cambridge) and Margareth Lanzinger (Wien)

Please send your proposals for papers (appr. 1 page/300 words) together with a short academic CV by 15 October 2017 to:
and


13 July 2017

BOOK: Elisabeth LUSSET, Crime, châtiment et grâce dans les monastères au Moyen Âge (XIIe-XVe siècle) (Turnhout: Brepols, 2017), 406 p. ISBN 97892503567655, € 120

(image source: Brepols)

Elisbeth Lusset (CNRS) published Crime, châtiment et grâce dans les monastères au Moyen Âge with Brepols Publishers.

Book abstract:
Ce livre analyse les crimes commis à l’intérieur des monastères médiévaux (violences, homicides ou encore vols) et la manière dont les religieux criminels étaient corrigés tant par les abbés, les évêques, les chapitres généraux des ordres religieux que par les organes de la curie romaine. Il compare, à l’échelle de l’Europe, les établissements de moines, chanoines réguliers et moniales, qu’ils appartiennent à un ordre (Cluny, Cîteaux, Prémontré, Grande Chartreuse) ou à une nébuleuse moins définie sur le plan juridique (abbayes et prieurés de moines bénédictins ou de chanoines réguliers). En explorant le fonctionnement de la justice claustrale, les peines prescrites ainsi que les mécanismes de réconciliation des criminels, l’ouvrage éclaire sous un angle nouveau les processus de construction institutionnelle et de réforme des ordres religieux entre les XIIe et XVe siècles.
On the author:
Ancienne élève de l’École normale supérieure de Lyon, ancienne pensionnaire de la Fondation Thiers, agrégée d’histoire et docteur en histoire médiévale, Élisabeth Lusset est chargée de recheche au CNRS. Elle travaille sur l’histoire comparée des ordres religieux et sur le gouvernement de l’Église médiévale.

Table of contents:
 Chapitre premier - Secreta ou detecta ?  Instances de correction des religieux criminels et production documentaireA. La correction au sein du cloître
1. Chapitre des coulpes et correction secrète des crimes
2. Les instances en charge de la correction au sein du monastère
B. La correction des criminels au sein des ordres religieux
1. Exemption et souveraineté en matière disciplinaire
2. Le chapitre général : instance législative et judiciaire suprême
C. La correction des criminels par les évêques et les archevêques normands et anglais
1. Les registres épiscopaux
2. Le contrôle disciplinaire des monastères non exempts
3. Le contrôle disciplinaire des monastères exempts
D. La correction des religieux par le pape
1. Le droit pontifical
2. Les registres de la chancellerie et de la pénitencerie apostolique
E. Pouvoirs laïques et discipline claustrale
1. La collaboration des pouvoirs ecclésiastiques et laïques
2. Une intervention croissante des juges laïques: les cas français et anglais
Chapitre II - Procédures : dénoncer, enquêter et gracierA. Dénoncer les crimes au chapitre des coulpes
B. Procédure lors des visites
1. Enquête générale
2. Enquêtes criminelles
3. Abandon des charges, sentence ou purgation canonique
C. Pétitionner le pape
1. À quel organe pontifical recourir ?
2. Le parcours des clercs réguliers et de leurs suppliques
Chapitre III – Typologie des crimes et circonstancesA. Typologie des crimes
1. Les violences physiques et verbales
2. Les homicides
3. Le vol
4. Les crimes de faux, d’incendie et de sorcellerie
B. Lieux du crime
1. Infra ou extra septa2. Les espaces sacrés : l’église et le cimetière
3. La salle capitulaire
4. Le dortoir et les chambres
5. Le cloître et le réfectoire
C. L'heure du crime
D. Crimes individuels ou collectif ?
E. Les armes du crime
1. Armes offensives
2. Crimes de poison
Chapitre IV – Mobiles du crimeA. Des crimes sous influence : colère, vin et haine
1. Ira et furore commotus2. Inebriatus et potu repletus3. Per odium et rancorem motumB. L'accès aux charges claustrales
C. Gestion et partage des biens
D. Le gouvernement de la communauté monastique
1. Les conflits entre « nations »
2. Iuniores contre seniores3. Le convers pervers
4. Le refus de l’autorité des supérieurs
5. Correction et abus
6. L’exercice trop autoritaire du pouvoir
7. Régime de faveur
E. Réformes
1. Le topos du réformateur persécuté
2. Les conflits de réforme au prisme des actes de la pratique
F. La persistance du vieil homme
1. Rhétorique de l’excuse
2. Fama et vindicta3. A verbis ad verbera. Des insultes aux coups
4. Maniement des armes
5. Poids des solidarités familiales
6. Une conversio morum en actes
Chapitre V – L’eau de tristesse et le pain de douleur - Pénitences et peinesA. Expulsion et/ou livraison au pouvoir séculier
B. Excommunications
1. Excommunicatio regularis et pénitences
2. Excommunication canonique
C. Transfert pro culpa1. Les buts du transfert pro culpa2. Les modalités du transfert pro culpa3. Résistances
4. L’encadrement de l’usage du transfert pro culpaD. L’enfermement punitif
1. Types d’enfermement
2. Généralisation de la peine de prison au XIIIe siècle
3. Conditions d’incarcération et perception de la peine
E. Scandale et sévérité des peines
Chapitre VI - Mélanger l’huile de miséricorde et le vin de la correctionA. Mitigation les peines et réconciliation des criminels
1. Des peines modulables
2. La réconciliation des criminels apostats ou expulsés
3. Réhabilitation
B. Répartition et hiérarchisation des compétences en matière d’absolution et de dispense
1. Le canon Si quis suadente et les modalités d’application de la réserve pontificale
2. La potestas absolvendi et dispensandi épiscopale
3. La potestas absolvendi et dispensandi au sein des monastères
C. L’exercice de la miséricorde pontificale
1. Crimes énormes ou ordinaires ?
2. Pourquoi s’adresser à la pénitencerie apostolique ?
D. Concilier rigueur et miséricorde
1. Résistances des prélats aux injonctions de miséricorde
2. Défense des prérogatives disciplinaires des chapitres généraux
Conclusion
Annexes
Abréviations utilisées
Sources manuscrites et imprimées
Bibliographie sélective
Index
Table des matières

11 July 2017

CALL FOR PAPERS: ESCLH Biennal Conference 2018 - Laws Across Codes and Laws Decoded Paris (École Normale Supérieure, 28-30 Jun 2018); DEADLINE 15 NOVEMBER 2017

(image source: ResearchGate)

The European Society for Comparative Legal History's fifth Biennal Conference (2010 Valencia - 2012 Amsterdam - 2014 Macerata - 2016 Gdansk) will take place in Paris next year.

The call for papers can be found below:



Laws Across Codes and Laws Decoded
28 June – 30 June 2018 at the Ecole Normale Supérieure (Paris)

The Organising Committee of the 5th Biennal Conference and the Executive Council of the European Society for Comparative Legal History are pleased to call for papers for the upcoming conference to be held. The main theme picks up threads of thought from the earlier ESCLH conferences in Valencia (2010), Amsterdam (2012), Macerata (2014) and Gdansk (2016) to explore what codes and codification have meant and continue to mean for legal systems with codes, and for those without. Papers should be submitted, as set out below, by 15 November 2017.

The conference will focus on the issue of codes or alternatives to codes as instruments of transforming laws in Europe and in the world. While codes, and the process of codification, are at least familiar if not always completely understood, this conference challenges us to look deeper at what a code meant for the legal systems affected by it. The conference seeks to understand the whole process of codification, from political aspects to its conception, agreement and roll-out, through to technical matters of drafting and implementation and even to linguistic matters of expression and deeper meanings. Challenging the importance for legal rules to be inserted within or outside a code, the conference proposes to examine all sorts of codes, and not only the most known civil codes: general codes as special (such as penal, commercial, labour, family, military) codes, officious codes as official codes. The conference seeks also to study the effects the codified structure of the norms could have on their content and on the way law functions, notably through case law and law writing. All the historical situations in which law reform took place outside of codification and outside of codes can be questioned could be relevant in helping us to understand law reform through codes or its alternatives.

Papers should be novel, properly researched and referenced. They should address the conference theme, exploring doctrinal, theoretical, cultural or methodological aspects of comparative legal history. They must also be comparative, addressing more than one system of laws. The organisers particularly welcome addressing multiple legal systems or cultures. This includes where a similar legal system functions in different cultural circles.
Practical details:
1. To offer a paper, please send the title of their paper, a short abstract (of 200-400 word, absolutely no more and a short CV (no more than 1 page) by 15 November 2017 to the organizing committee, c/o jean-louis.halperin@ens.fr.
2. The presentations should be in English.
3. It is also possible to submit a complete proposal for one or more panels (3 papers normally).
4. The list of accepted papers will be announced by 8 December 2017.

Shortly, a conference website will be launched with fuller details of the conference. For the moment, some transport and accommodation information follows.

Paris offers many accommodation possibilities ranging from five-star hotels, through smaller hotels in the Quartier latin and private rooms to beds in youth and student hostels. For some postgraduates the Ecole Normale Supérieure
could offer cheaper accommodation in student dormitories.


06 July 2017

BOOK REVIEW: Kaius TUORI, The Emperor of Law. The Emergence of Roman Imperial Adjudication by Ulrike BARBUSIAUX, Sehepunkte, 17 (2017), 06


Sehepunkte published the fulltext of a book review by Ulrike Barbusiaux of Kaius Tuori's The Emperor of Law (Oxford: OUP, 2016).

First paragraph:
Die konstitutive Bedeutung der kaiserlichen Rechtsprechung für Machtbegründung und -erhalt des princeps ist unumstritten. Stark divergierend sind aber die Deutungen ihrer Grundlagen und Begründungen, wobei sich vor allem die stärker machtpolitischen althistorischen und eher legalistischen rechtshistorischen Rekonstruktionen kaum auf einen Nenner bringen lassen. Kaius Tuori hinterfragt die bisherigen Erklärungsmodelle und präsentiert einen Neuansatz zur kaiserlichen adjudication . Die Originalität dieses Ansatzes liegt darin, dass er nicht nach rechtlichen Regeln oder gar Ermächtigungen sucht, und auch die tatsächlichen Grundlagen der kaiserlichen Machtentfaltung nicht näher beleuchtet. Vielmehr fragt er nach Narrativen ( narratives ), welche die Selbstdarstellung und Außenwahrnehmung der kaiserlichen Rechtsprechung bestimmen und verändern. Auf diese Weise gewinnt er Einblick in den Dialog zwischen Herrscher und Beherrschten sowie in die Mechanismen, durch welche Veränderungen legitimiert und Anpassungen erklärt werden können. Die moderne Konzeption der narratives hat dabei - wie er zutreffend hervorhebt - ihre Entsprechung in der antiken Kultur der exempla . (5ff.).
More information here.

BOOK: Markus D. DUBBER & Christopher TOMLINS (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of European Legal History (Oxford: OUP, forthcoming)



The Legal History Blog signalled a chapter by Markus D. Dubber on "Colonial Criminal Law and Other Modernities: European Criminal Law in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Century", to be published in the forthcoming Oxford Handbook of European Legal History (edited by the author with Christopher Tomlins).

Abstract:
This paper has two parts. The first part reflects on various traditional approaches to the historical study of European criminal law in the nineteenth and twentieth century. The second part lays out an alternative, two-track, conception of "modern" European criminal legal history. It does this by taking an upside-down - or outside-in - view of the subject, by focusing on an understudied, but fascinating, project of European criminal law: the invention, implementation, and evolution of colonial criminal law.
 More information on SSRN.

BOOK: George DUKE & Robert P. GEORGE (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Natural Law Jurisprudence (Cambridge: CUP, 2017), 468 p. ISBN 9781107546462


 
(image source: CUP)

George Duke & Robert P. George edited a Cambridge Companion to Natural Law Jurisprudence.

Abstract:
This collection provides an intellectually rigorous and accessible overview of key topics in contemporary natural law jurisprudence, an influential yet frequently misunderstood branch of legal philosophy. It fills a gap in the existing literature by bringing together leading international experts on natural law theory to provide perspectives on some of the most pressing issues pertaining to the nature and moral foundations of law. Themes covered include the history of the natural law tradition, the natural law account of practical reason, normativity and ethics, natural law approaches to legal obligation and authority and constitutional law. Creating a dialogue between leading figures in natural law thought, the Companion is an ideal introduction to the main commitments of natural law jurisprudence, whilst also offering a concise summary of developments in current scholarship for more advanced readers.
• Brings together leading international experts in the field • Provides a comprehensive overview of cutting edge scholarship in the area • Can serve as an introduction to the central area of legal theory, or the first port of call for scholars and students of natural law
Table of contents:
 1. Introduction George Duke and Robert P. George; Part I. Foundations: 2. Aquinas and natural law jurisprudence John Finnis; 3. Natural law, God and human dignity Robert P. George; 4. Early modern natural law theories Knud Haakonssen; 5. Metaphysical foundations of natural law theories Jonathan Crowe; Part II. Practical Reason, Normativity and Ethics: 6. Natural law, basic goods, and practical reason Christopher Tollefsen; 7. Practical reason in the context of law Veronica Rodriguez-Blanco; 8. Hume, virtue and natural law Thomas Pink; 9. Natural law reasoning in applied ethics Jacqueline Laing; Part III. Law and Politics: 10. Law as an idea we live by N. E. Simmonds; 11. The moral impact theory, the dependence view, and natural law Mark Greenberg; 12. The ideal dimension of law Robert Alexy; 13. Two unhappy dilemmas for natural law jurisprudence Mark C. Murphy; 14. The common good George Duke; 15. Natural law theory and constitutionalism Gerard V. Bradley; 16. Opening the doors of inquiry: Lon Fuller and the natural law tradition Kristen Rundle.
More information with CUP.

03 July 2017

NEWS: Comparative Legal History (ISSN 2049-6788) recognised as international peer reviewed journal by the VABB (Flemish Community)



The authoritative panel of the VABB (Vlaams Academisch Bibliografisch Bestand), an organ of the Flemish universities, has recognised our society's organ, Comparative Legal History (Routledge - Law, ISSN 2049-6788), as a peer reviewed journal.

This recognition was given earlier to other journals in the field, such as the Legal History Review (Brill), The Journal of Legal History (Routledge), de Revue historique de droit français et étranger (Dalloz), Forum Historiae Iuris (MPIER) the Journal of the History of International Law (Brill), Rechtskultur (Regensburg), Pro Memorie (Verloren) or Fundaminia (Sabinet).

The VABB list (used as a quantitative basis for university funding) can be consulted here.

01 July 2017

BOOK: "Oikonomia, Divorce and Remarriage in the Eastern Orthodox Tradition" by Kevin Schembri (Rome, 2017)


Kevin Schembri, Oikonomia, Divorce and Remarriage in the Eastern Orthodox Tradition (Rome, 2017), ISBN 978-88-97789-39-0, € 35

About the book:
How do the Eastern Orthodox Churches understand the mystery of marriage? On what grounds do these Churches concede ecclesiastical divorce and tolerate a new marriage? What is oikonomia and how is it invoked in the Orthodox East? Over the last decades, these questions were the subject of numerous studies. With a foreword by Cardinal Francesco Coccopalmerio, this volume builds on this research and attempts to offer a comprehensive systematic answer to these questions. By doing so, it adds to the already rich tradition of the Eastern Orthodox Churches, and presents the Western Churches with a valuable resource in their pursuit of ecumenical dialogue, in their dealing with the ever-growing reality of mixed marriages, and in their ministry to the divorced and remarried members of their faithful. Published as volume 23 in the Series Kanonika, this study forms part of the various projects launched by the Pontifical Oriental Institute during its centenary celebrations.

About the author:
Kevin Schembri is a lecturer in canon law at the Faculty of Theology of the University of Malta. He holds a licentiate in sacred theology from the same university and a doctorate in canon law (with specialisation in canonical jurisprudence) from the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome. He is a Catholic priest and serves as promoter of justice and defender of the bond for the Archdiocese of Malta.

For more info: 

FORUM & CFP: "Younger Scholars Forum in Comparative Law" (Fukuoka, Japan, July 25, 2018)


WHAT Younger  Scholars Forum in Comparative Law, within the XXth International Congress  of  Comparative  Law, Forum & Call for papers

WHEN July 25, 2018

WHERE International Academy of Comparative Law, Fukuoka, Japan

all information here

We invite younger scholars to participate in the first-ever Younger Scholars Forum in Comparative Law, to be held in Fukuoka, Japan on Wednesday, July 25, 2018, from 9:00am to 12:00pm as part of the larger quadrennial Congress of Comparative Law organized by the International Academy of Comparative Law (IACL).
Abstracts are invited for eight (8) Workshops and one (1) TED-style Speakers’ Corner. All nine sessions will be held concurrently from 9:00am to 12:00pm on the day of the Forum. More details follow below on the subject-matter of each Workshop and on the format of the Speakers’ Corner.
Abstracts may be submitted in either English or French, the two official languages of the IACL.
The Congress
The IACL hosts a general Congress of Comparative Law every four years. It is the premiere gathering for scholars of comparative law. It is a “general” Congress because scholars of all fields attend and participate in Workshops on specific subjects that span the broad range of private and public law. To learn more about the IACL, here is its website: http://iuscomparatum.info. And here is a description of the IACL itself: http://iuscomparatum.info/general-presentation.
The Younger Scholars Forum in Comparative Law
For the first time in its history (the first general Congress was held at The Hague in 1932), the IACL will host a program for younger scholars, defined as those scholars with no more than ten years of tenure-track faculty experience. This includes graduate students as well as post-doctoral fellows, lecturers and visiting affiliates who have yet to secure a continuing faculty appointment.
The Younger Scholars Forum in Comparative Law is chaired and convened by Richard Albert (Canada/USA) along with vice-chairs Luisa Fernanda García López (Colombia) and Maxime St-Hilaire (Canada). The chair is supported by a Program Committee and a Senior Advisory Committee. Members of both committees are identified further down below. The Program Committee is composed of three subcommittees: the Planning & Priorities subcommittee, co-chaired by Cora Chan (China) and Yaniv Roznai (Israel); the Information & Recruitment subcommittee, co-chaired by Cristina Fasone (Italy) and Daniel Wunder Hachem (Brazil); and the Communications & Technology subcommittee, chaired by John Haskell (United Kingdom).

SUMMER COURSE: « Les manuscrits universitaires enluminés dans l’Europe médiévale (XIIIe – XIVe siècles) : production et circulation» (Lisbon, July 31- August 11 2017)



WHAT « Les manuscrits universitaires enluminés dans l’Europe médiévale (XIIIe – XIVe siècles) : production et circulation », Cours d’été par Maria Alessandra Bilotta (IEM – FCSH/NOVA), Summer course

WHEN July 31 - August 11 2017 10h00 – 12h30

WHERE Faculdade de Ciências Sociais e Humanas da Universidade NOVA, Lisbon

Ce Cours abordera les étapes plus significatives de l’histoire de la production, illustration et décoration des manuscrits universitaires au Moyen Âge (Droit, Théologie, Médecine) avec une considérable attention pour les aspects codicologiques (caractéristiques matérielles, fonctionnalité structurelle du livre manuscrit dans le contexte de l’enseignement universitaire), stylistiques et iconographiques (les cycles iconographiques) ; les questions liées aux commanditaires (maitres et étudiants) et à leur circulation (la peregrinatio academica) dans les territoires européens. Encore, ce Cours abordera le contexte historique, économique et social de cette production (contrôle des universités sur la production des livres) et les techniques de production (fonctionnement des ateliers des stationarii ; système de la pecia)   

BOOK: "Landmark Cases in Public Law" Satvinder Juss and Maurice Sunkin (eds.)


Satvinder Juss and Maurice Sunkin (eds.), Landmark Cases in Public Law 
all information here

Landmark Cases in Public Law answers the need for an historical examination of the leading cases in this field, an examination which is largely absent from the standard textbooks and journal articles of the day. Adopting a contextualised historical approach, this collection of essays by leading specialists in the field provides both an explanation of the importance and impact of the chosen decisions, as well as doctrinal analysis. This approach enables each author to throw light on the driving forces behind the judicial outcomes, and shows how the final reasoning of the court was ultimately as much dependent upon such human factors as the attitudes, conduct, and personalities of the parties, their witnesses, their counsel, and the judges, as the drive to seek legal realignment with the political developments that were widely perceived to be taking place. In this way, this form of analysis provides an exposition of the true stories behind these landmark cases in public law.

Table of Contents

1. Entick v Carrington [1765]: Revisited All the King's Horses 
Richard Gordon
2. Ridge v Baldwin [1964]: 'Nuff Said' 
SH Bailey
3. Padfield v Ministry of Agriculture Fisheries and Food [1968]: Judges and Parliamentary Democracy 
Maurice Sunkin
4. Anisminic Ltd v Foreign Compensation Commission [1968]: In Perspective 
David Feldman
5. Council of Civil Service Unions v Minister for the Civil Service [1984]: Reviewing the Prerogative 
Richard Drabble
6. The Factortame Litigation: Sovereignty in Question 
John MCEldowney
7. M v The Home Office [1992]: Ministers and Injunctions 
Christopher Forsyth
8. A v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2005]: The Belmarsh Case 
Richard Clayton
9. R v North and East Devon Health Authority [2001]: Coughlan and the Development of Public Law 
Kirsty Hughes
10. R (Jackson) v Attorney-General [2005]: Reviewing Legislation 
Elizabeth Wicks
11. Bancoult and the Royal Prerogative in Colonial Constitutional Law 
Satvinder S Juss
12. AXA General Insurance Ltd v HM Advocate and Others [2012]: The Nature of Devolved Legislation and the Role of the Courts 
The Honourable Mr Justice Lewis
13. Evans v Attorney General [2015]: The Underlying Normativity of Constitutional Disagreement 
Thomas Fairclough
Epilogue: Miller, the Legislature and the Executive 
Paul Craig

28 June 2017

JOURNAL: The Journal of Legal History XXXVIII (2017), No. 2

(image source: University of Glasgow)

The Journal of Legal History (Routledge) published its second issue of the 2017 volume (XXXVIII).
"Writing Histories of Law and Emotion" (Merridee L. Bailey & Kimberley-Joy Knight)
"Emotions in the Early Common Law (c. 1166-1215)" (John Hudson)
"Narratives of Feeling and Majesty: Mediated Emotions in the Eighteenth-Century Criminal Courtroom" (Amy Milka & David Lemmings)
"‘She Felt Strongly the Injury to Her Affections’: Breach of Promise of Marriage and the Medicalization of Heartbreak in Early Twentieth-Century Australia" (Alecia Simmonds)
"Narrative, Law and Emotion: Husband Killers in Early Nineteenth-Century Ireland" (Katie Barclay)
Book Reviews
More information here.

JOURNAL: Tijdschrift voor Rechtsgeschiedenis/Revue d'histoire du droit/The Legal History Review LXXXV (2017), Isssue 1-2

(image source: Brill)

The Legal History Review (Brill) published the first issue (1-2) of its 85th volume (2017).

Table of contents:
Strafrechtlicher Schutz von Sklaven gegen Willkür ihrer Herren
 (Detlev Liebs)
Twee Antwerpse volksvertegenwoordigers op de beklaagdenbank
 (Jos Monballyu)
The edition of the Twelve Tables in Roman Statutes (Boudewijn Sirks)
Una compraventa poética, Horacio, Epistola 2.2
 (Consuelo Carrasco García)
Das pactum ut minus solvatur und die maior pars im klassischen Recht
 (Thomas Finkenauer)
Die Ratio des Schenkungsverbotes unter Ehegatten
 (Jakob Fortunat Stagl)
Ἀποκρίματα und die Kaiserkonstitutionen
 (Anna Plisecka)
Die laesio enormis und der dolus re ipsa heute: die Verschuldensfrage
 (A.M. Grebeniow)
Loans and Credit in the Canon Law Consilia of Wamesius (1524-1590) (Wouter Druwé)
« J’ai été longtemps minoritaire » (Vincent Genin)
Gierkes Protest gegen das BGB (Pierre Friedrich)
Book Reviews
Im Memoriam Josephus Petrus Antonius Coopmans, 1925-2016 (P.L. Nève)
All articles can be accessed on Booksandjournalsonline.

16 June 2017

VACANCIES: PhD positions "Collateral rights and Bankruptcy in Early Modern Amsterdam, Frankfurt and Lyon" (Deadline 31 AUG 2017)

The Department of Public Law, Jurisprudence and Legal History at Tilburg University invites applications for the following position Three Positions of Doctoral Researcher in Legal History (3 x 1.0 FTE): Collateral rights and Bankruptcy in Early Modern Amsterdam, Frankfurt and Lyon

Specificaties - (uitleg)

Locatie Tilburg
FunctietypesResearch, Development, Innovation
Wetenschappelijke disciplineLaw
Uren 40,0 uren per week
Werk-/denkniveauUniversity Graduate
Vacaturenummer 10401
Vertalingen
About employer Tilburg University
Short link www.academictransfer.com/41048
Solliciteer binnen 77 dagen op deze vacature

Functiebeschrijving

The Department of Public Law, Jurisprudence and Legal History is seeking for three full-time doctoral researchers (48 months) who will be working within the project ‘Analysing Coherence in Law Through Legal Scholarship’ (CLLS), which is funded by the European Research Council (ERC, ERC Starting Grant 2016, nr 714759). The project started in January 2017 and will be finalized in 2021.

The project focuses on analyzing local and regional legal scholarship of the early modern period (c 1500 – c 1800), concerning the theme of collateral rights (securities) and bankruptcy. The three doctoral researchers will analyze the municipal law and legal practices of three cities of commerce in the early modern period, as well as doctrinal texts commenting on the municipal law of these cities. The first position is concerned with Amsterdam, the second one with Frankfurt, and the third one with Lyon.  

Functie-eisen

Candidates have studied law and/or history, and have written one or more papers on an institutional-historical or legal-historical topic. Candidates should demonstrate their interest in history and research methods (qualitative and⁄or quantitative). Acquaintance with archival research is a plus. Candidates are expected to combine good research skills with excellent networking and communicative skills and to have an entrepreneurial mindset. They have experience with both individual and teamwork research. For all three positions it is required that candidates have high proficiency in English, both written and spoken.

Candidates for the vacancy concerning Amsterdam have a good command of Dutch. Candidates for the position concerning Lyon have reading proficiency in French. The doctoral researcher who will study Frankfurt has reading proficiency in German. For the positions regarding Lyon and Frankfurt, a good command of Dutch, or willingness to learn Dutch, is an asset.

Arbeidsvoorwaarden

Tilburg University offers a good benefits package in accordance with the Collective Labor Agreement for Dutch Universities. We offer competitive European salaries. Depending on the experience and competences of the selected candidates, the appointment will be made at the rank of researcher 4. The starting gross salary for researchers 4 will vary between € 2588,00 and € 4084,00 per month (for a full-time appointment) based on scale 10 of the Collective Labour Agreement (CAO) Dutch Universities. The appointment will start as from January 1st, 2018 and will end on December 31st, 2021. Tilburg University is rated among the top of Dutch employers, offering very good fringe benefits, such as the possibility to determine your benefits individually through an options model of employment conditions. Candidates from outside the Netherlands may be eligible for a tax-free allowance equal to 30% of their taxable salary. The university will apply for such an allowance on their behalf whenever the criteria are met.
Dienstverband: Temporary, 4 years

Afdeling


Tilburg Law School (TLS) is a modern and specialized university. With a broad variety of international programmes and innovating research, the Tilburg Law School stands for high quality. Research at the Tilburg Law School is conducted in an organisation that fosters diversity. The Tilburg Graduate Law School is responsible for the training and guidance of its Research Master students and of the Faculty’s PhD researchers. With its open and inspiring atmosphere, this school is a congenial working environment.
Tilburg Law School

Additionele informatie

Job description
The successful candidates are expected to contribute to the CLLS-project’s research, its publications as well as its activities.

Profile
Candidates have studied law and/or history, and have written one or more papers on an institutional-historical or legal-historical topic. Candidates should demonstrate their interest in history and research methods (qualitative and⁄or quantitative). Acquaintance with archival research is a plus. Candidates are expected to combine good research skills with excellent networking and communicative skills and to have an entrepreneurial mindset. They have experience with both individual and teamwork research. For all three positions it is required that candidates have high proficiency in English, both written and spoken.

Candidates for the vacancy concerning Amsterdam have a good command of Dutch. Candidates for the position concerning Lyon have reading proficiency in French. The doctoral researcher who will study Frankfurt has reading proficiency in German. For the positions regarding Lyon and Frankfurt, a good command of Dutch, or willingness to learn Dutch, is an asset.

Information
Additional information about the Department of Public Law, Jurisprudence and Legal History can be found on www.tilburguniversity.edu/. Specific information about the vacancies can be obtained from dr. Dave De ruysscher, project leader, d.deruysscher@uvt.nl.