Search

22 April 2018

BOOK: Sunita JOGARAJAN, Double Taxation and the League of Nations (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018). ISBN 9781108421447, £ 110.00.



Next month, Cambridge University press will publish a book on the League of Nations’ work regarding tax treaties. The book can be pre-ordered here.

ABOUT

Modern-day tax treaties have their foundations in one of the three Model Tax Treaties developed by the League of Nations in 1928. Using previously unexplored archival material, Sunita Jogarajan provides the first in-depth examination of the development of the League's Models. This new research provides insights into questions such as the importance of double taxation versus tax evasion; the preference for source-taxation versus residence-taxation; the influence of theory and practice on the League's work; the development of bilateral rather than multilateral treaties; the influence of developing countries on the League's work; the role of Commentary in interpreting model tax treaties; and the influential factors and key individuals involved. A better understanding of the development of the original models will inform and help guide interpretation and reform of modern-day tax treaties. Additionally, this book will be of interest to scholars of international relations and the development of law at international organisations.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Sunita Jogarajan, University of Melbourne
Sunita Jogarajan is Associate Professor in the Melbourne Law School, University of Melbourne. She has published in the Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, British Tax Review and World Tax Journal.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preface
List of abbreviations
1. Introduction
2. Background
3. Personality, politics and principles: the drafting of the 1925 Resolutions on Double Taxation
4. The ICC and the development of the 1928 Models
5. Turning resolutions into treaties – the drafting of the first Model Convention on Double Taxation
6. The 'great powers' and the development of the 1928 Models
7. One beget three – the drafting of the 1928 Model Tax Treaties on Double Income Taxation
8. Lessons from history – where to from here?
Appendix 1. Timeline/cast of characters
Appendix 2. 1925 Report Final Resolutions
Appendix 3. 1921 ICC Resolutions
Appendix 4. 1922 ICC Resolutions
Appendix 5. 1923 ICC Resolutions
Appendix 6. 1924 ICC Resolutions
Appendix 7. 1925 ICC Resolutions
Appendix 8. 1927 ICC Resolutions
Appendix 9. 1927 Draft Model Convention
Appendix 10. 1925 UK Finance Act
Appendix 11. Thompson Art 10 Proposal
Appendix 12. USSR Art 5 Proposal
Appendix 13. USSR Art 10 and 11 Proposals
Appendix 14. Dorn and Borduge Draft Convention
Appendix 15. Thompson Draft Convention
Appendix 16. Adams Draft Convention
Appendix 17. Draft Convention IA
Appendix 18. Draft Convention IB
Appendix 19. Draft Convention IB Commentary
Appendix 20. Draft Convention IC
Appendix 21. Draft Convention IC Commentary
Bibliography
Index.

More information on the publisher’s website

NOTICE: Repository of Historical Gun Laws (Duke Law)


(Source: Duke Law School)

Through Rechtsgeschiedenis Blog, we learned of a new repository of historical gun laws (from the medieval age to 1776 for England, and from the colonial era to the middle of the 20th century for the United States) by Duke Law School. The repository can be found here.

ABOUT

Welcome to the Repository of Historical Gun Laws, a searchable database of gun laws from the medieval age to 1776 in England and from the colonial era to the middle of the twentieth century in the United States. This Repository is intended as a resource for scholars and practitioners interested in historical laws concerning firearms and other similar weapons. Although the Repository seeks to be substantial, it is not comprehensive. Conscientious users of this Repository should supplement their results with further legal and historical research.

Questions or comments about the repository can be sent to the following email: 
gunlaws@law.duke.edu  

For more information, see Duke Law School’s website

21 April 2018

BOOK: Rafael DOMINGO and Javier MARTÍNEZ-TORRÓN, eds., Great Christian Jurists in Spanish History [Law and Christianity] (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018). ISBN 9781108428071, £ 84.99



Next month, Cambridge University Press will publish a book on great Christian jurists in Spanish history. The book can be pre-ordered here.

ABOUT

The Great Christian Jurists series comprises a library of national volumes of detailed biographies of leading jurists, judges and practitioners, assessing the impact of their Christian faith on the professional output of the individuals studied. Spanish legal culture, developed during the Spanish Golden Age, has had a significant influence on the legal norms and institutions that emerged in Europe and in Latin America. This volume examines the lives of twenty key personalities in Spanish legal history, in particular how their Christian faith was a factor in molding the evolution of law. Each chapter discusses a jurist within his or her intellectual and political context. All chapters have been written by distinguished legal scholars from Spain and around the world. This diversity of international and methodological perspectives gives the volume its unique character; it will appeal to scholars, lawyers, and students interested in the interplay between religion and law.

ABOUT THE EDITORS

Rafael Domingo, Emory University, Atlanta
Rafael Domingo is the Spruill Family Research Professor at Emory University, and ICS Professor of Law at the University of Navarra in Spain. A specialist in legal history, legal theory, ancient Roman law, and comparative law, he has published more than 20 books, including The New Global Law (Cambridge, 2011) and God and the Secular Legal System (Cambridge, forthcoming).

Javier Martínez-Torrón, Complutense University, Madrid
Javier Martínez-Torrón is Professor of Law at Complutense University, Madrid. He is vice-president of the section of canon law and church-state relations of the Spanish Royal Academy of Jurisprudence and Legislation. His scholarly writings include 22 books and have been published in 23 countries and in 13 languages.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction Rafael Domingo and Javier Martínez-Torrón
1. Isidore of Seville Philip Reynolds
2. Raymond of Penyafort José Miguel Viejo-Ximénez
3. Alfonso X Joseph F. O'Callaghan
4. Francisco de Vitoria Andreas Wagner
5. Bartolomé de Las Casas Kenneth Pennington
6. Martín de Azpilcueta Wim Decok
7 Domingo de Soto Benjamin Hill
8. Fernando Vázquez de Menchaca Salvador Rus
9. Diego de Covarrubias y Leiva Richard Helmholz
10 Luis de Molina Kirk R. MacGregor
11. Francisco Suárez Henrik Lagerlung
12. Tomás Sánchez Rafael Domingo
13. Juan Solórzano Pereira Matthew C. Mirow
14. Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos Jan-Henrik Witthaus
15. Francisco Martínez Marina Aniceto Massferrer
16. Juan Donoso Cortés Jose María Beneyto
17. Concepción Arenal Paloma Durán y Lalaguna
18. Manuel Alonso Martínez Carlos Petit
19. Álvaro d'Ors Rafael Domingo
20. Pedro Lombardía Alberto de la Hera and Javier Martínez-Torrón.


For more information, see the publisher’s website

BOOK : Emmanuel PIERRAT, La France des vaincus passe à la barre (Paris: Librairie LGDJ, 2018). ISBN 978-2-412-02690-8, 19,95 €


(Source: Librairie LGDJ)

Librairie LGDJ has just published a new book, dealing with the legal history of the purging of Nazi collaborators in France after World War II.

ABOUT

« Un pays qui manque son épuration se prépare à manquer sa rénovation. »
Albert Camus, 1945. Combat

Dès les années 1940, avant même la libération de Paris et la fin de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, l'épineuse question de l'épuration s'impose : Comment sanctionner ceux qui ont collaboré avec l'Allemagne nazie ? La France se déchire entre les défenseurs du pardon et les partisans d'une justice punitive pour les soutiens de Vichy.

Brossant un tableau de la France de l'après-guerre couvrant tous les milieux - intellectuels, politiques, ecclésiastiques, etc. - Emmanuel Pierrat dépeint ici un pays au bord de la rupture et analyse les tourments d'une société qui cherche à sortir d'une situation d'exception, violente et chaotique.
Des femmes tondues aux lois d'amnistie en passant par les exécutions sommaires et les internements administratifs, ce livre nous fait revivre des années décisives à travers les destins de Pétain, Laval, Brasillach ou encore du constructeur automobile Louis Renault. S'appuyant sur de nombreuses sources judiciaires et journaux de l'époque, Emmanuel Pierrat nous plonge au coeur des désillusions, exécutions et reconstructions qui ont bouleversé la France pendant une décennie et qui entretiennent, encore aujourd'hui, de multiples tabous.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Emmanuel Pierrat, avocat et écrivain, est conservateur du musée du Barreau de Paris. Il est l'auteur de plus de soixante-dix ouvrages juridiques, de romans et de livres sur l'art. Bibliophile, il est passionné par l'Histoire. Il a notamment publié Les Francs-maçons sous l'Occupation, entre résistance et collaboration (Albin Michel) et Les Grands Procès de l'Histoire (La Martinière).

For more information, see the publisher’s website

BOOK: Jennifer E. ROTHMAN, The Right of Publicity : Privacy Reimagined for a Public World (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2018). ISBN 9780674980983, €36.00



Harvard University Press will publish a new book on the history of the right of publicity next month. The book can be pre-ordered with the publisher.

ABOUT

Who controls how one’s identity is used by others? This legal question, centuries old, demands greater scrutiny in the Internet age. Jennifer Rothman uses the right of publicity—a little-known law, often wielded by celebrities—to answer that question, not just for the famous but for everyone. In challenging the conventional story of the right of publicity’s emergence, development, and justifications, Rothman shows how it transformed people into intellectual property, leading to a bizarre world in which you can lose ownership of your own identity. This shift and the right’s subsequent expansion undermine individual liberty and privacy, restrict free speech, and suppress artistic works.

The Right of Publicity traces the right’s origins back to the emergence of the right of privacy in the late 1800s. The central impetus for the adoption of privacy laws was to protect people from “wrongful publicity.” This privacy-based protection was not limited to anonymous private citizens but applied to famous actors, athletes, and politicians. Beginning in the 1950s, the right transformed into a fully transferable intellectual property right, generating a host of legal disputes, from control of dead celebrities like Prince, to the use of student athletes’ images by the NCAA, to lawsuits by users of Facebook and victims of revenge porn.

The right of publicity has lost its way. Rothman proposes returning the right to its origins and in the process reclaiming privacy for a public world.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Jennifer E. Rothman is Professor of Law and the Joseph Scott Fellow at Loyola Law School, Los Angeles.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction
I. The Big Bang
1. The Original “Right of Publicity”
2. From the Ashes of Privacy
3. A Star Is Born?
II. The Inflationary Era
4. A Star Explodes
5. A Star Expands
III. Dark Matter
6. The (In)alienable Right of Publicity
7. The Black Hole of the First Amendment
8. A Collision Course with Copyright
Epilogue: The Big Crunch
Notes
Acknowledgments
Index

More information on the publisher’s website

20 April 2018

PhD DEFENCE: Quentin Verreycken (UCLouvain/St-Louis), L’État de grâce. Guerre et usage du pardon en Angleterre, France et anciens Pays-Bas au XVe siècle (30 apr 2018)



We received the following announcement:
À la fin in du Moyen Âge, le droit de pardonner est, pour les monarques avides de souveraineté, aussi important que celui de punir. Parmi les centaines de justiciables à bénéficier chaque année de la grâce royale ou princière, les soldats constituent généralement une catégorie privilégiée d’individus. Du fait de conflits de longue durée tels que la guerre de Cent Ans, l’encadrement et le contrôle des violences des gens de guerre devient un enjeu important pour les pouvoirs publics, comme l’attestent la multiplication des règlements pour les armées, la mise en place de troupes permanentes, le renforcement de la justice militaire… et les nombreux pardons délivrés aux combattants. Cette thèse de doctorat porte sur les lettres de rémission et de pardon accordées aux gens de guerre en Angleterre, en France et dans les Pays‐Bas bourguignons au XV e siècle, et plus particulièrement pendant la période 1460‐1480. Il s’agit de la première étude comparée sur l’exercice du droit de grâce par plusieurs souverains du bas Moyen Âge. En mettant en parallèle l’octroi de pardons à des soldats avec la transformation des structures et de la discipline militaires entamée depuis le milieu du XIV e siècle, cette recherche vise à démontrer comment différents monarques font usage de leur pouvoir de remettre des crimes afin de servir leurs intérêts politiques et militaires. L’étude des demandes de grâce soumises par les gens de guerre permet également de nuancer l’idée que l’on peut se faire des violences militaires, ainsi que des rapports entre combaƩants et non‐combattants. La documentation permet enfin d’observer que la figure du soldat est elle‐même sujette à des transformations et tend de plus en plus à être conçue comme un office public, tandis que l’État s’affirme comme le seul détenteur de l’usage légitime de la force.
Jury:
Jean‐Marie YANTE (UCL), Président Xavier ROUSSEAUX (UCL), Co‐promoteur Eric BOUSMAR (USL‐B), Co‐promoteur et secrétaire Hans COOLS (KU Leuven), Lecteur extérieur Anne CURRY (University of Southampton), Lectrice extérieure Bertrand SCHNERB (Université de Lille), Lecteur extérieur Valérie TOUREILLE (Université de Cergy‐Pontoise), Lectrice extérieure

The event takes place at 14:30 in the Salle du Conseil (Collège Erasme). More information here.

BOOK: Leonard V. SMITH, Sovereignty at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018). ISBN 9780199677177, $45.50



Oxford University Press will publish a new book on the 1919 Paris Peace Conference next month. The book can be pre-ordered with the publisher.

ABOUT

We have known for many decades that the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 "failed", in the sense that it did not prevent the outbreak of World War II. This book investigates not whether the Paris Peace Conference succeeded or failed, but the historically specific international system it created. It explores the rules under which that system operated, and the kinds of states and empires that inhabited it. Deepening the dialogue between history and international relations theory makes it possible to think about sovereignty at the Paris Peace Conference in new ways. Sovereignty in 1919 was about not just determining of answers demarcating the international system, but also the questions. Sovereignty in 1919 was about remaking the world.

Most histories of the Paris Peace Conference stop with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles with Germany on 28 June 1919. Sovereignty at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 considers all five treaties produced by the conference as well as the Treaty of Lausanne with Turkey in 1923. It is organized not chronologically or geographically, but according to specific problems of sovereignty. A peace based on "justice" produced a criminalized Great Power in Germany, and a template problematically applied in the other treaties. The conference sought to unmix lands and peoples in the defeated multinational empires by drawing boundaries and defining ethnicities. The conference sought not so much to oppose revolution as to instrumentalize it in the new international system. The League of Nations, so often taken as the supreme symbol of the failure of the conference, is better considered as a continuation of the laboratory of sovereignty established in Paris.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction: The Riddles of Sovereignty at the Paris Peace Conference
1. The Agents and Structures of Peacemaking
2. The Sovereignty of Justice
3. The "Unmixing" of Lands
4. The "Unmixing" of Peoples
5. Mastering Revolution
6. Sovereignty and the League of Nations, 1920-1923
Conclusion: History, IR, and the Paris Peace Conference

For more information, see the publisher’s website

BOOK: David BOUCHER, Appropriating Hobbes : Legacies in Political, Legal, and International Thought (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018). ISBN 9780198817215, $70.00



Oxford University Press will publish a new book on Thomas Hobbes next month. The book can be pre-ordered with the publisher.

ABOUT

This book explores how Hobbes's political philosophy has occupied a pertinent place in different contexts, and how his interpreters see their own images reflected in him, or how they define themselves in contrast to him. Appropriating Hobbes argues that there is no Hobbes independent of the interpretations that arise from his appropriation in these various contexts and which serve to present him to the world. There is no one perfect context that enables us to get at what Hobbes 'really meant', despite the numerous claims to the contrary. He is almost indistinguishable from the context in which he is read.

This contention is justified with reference to hermeneutics, and particularly the theories of Gadamer, Koselleck, and Ricoeur, contending that through a process of 'distanciation' Hobbes's writings have been appropriated and commandeered to do service in divergent contexts such as philosophical idealism; debates over the philosophical versus historical understanding of texts; as well as in ideological disputations, and emblematic characterisations of him by various disciplines such as law, politics, and international relations. This volume illustrates the capacity of a text to take on the colouration of its surroundings by exploring and explicating the importance of contexts in reading and understanding how and why particular interpretations of Hobbes have emerged, such as those of Carl Schmitt and Michael Oakeshott, or the international jurists of the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction: Hobbes in Contexts
1. Hobbes Among the Philosophical Idealists: A Will that is Actual, but Not General
2. Understanding Hobbes: Philosophy versus Ideology
3. Constraining Leviathan: Power versus authority in Hobbes, Schmitt, and Oakeshott.
4. Hobbes Among the Classic Jurists: Natural Law versus the Law of Nations
5. Hobbes Among Legal Positivists: Sovereign or Society?
6. Hobbes Among International Relations thinkers: International Political Theory

For more information, see the publisher’s website

16 April 2018

NOTICE: ESCLH 5Th BIENNAL CONFERENCE (Paris, 28-30 Jun 2018) - Laws Across Codes and Laws Decoded: updated program and registration information






Please find below the updated program and registration information for the ESCLH Conference coming June.


ESCLH 5th Biennal Conference, Paris, 28-30 June, 2018 : Laws Across Codes and Laws Decoded


Thursday, the 28th of June


1) PhD presentations:

Ecole normale suéprieure, 48 Boulevard Jourdan, PhD presentations in two rooms (R1 07, R2 02), 9h00-12h30


1) panel 
-Tina Miletić (Split), Concept of testamentum in Medieval Dalmatia

- Łukasz Gołaszewski (Warsaw), Meandering way of the change of the civil and canon laws in 16th – 17th century Poland – a case of tithes and significance of legal practice

- Kaat Cappelle (Brussels), Married Women as legal agents in sixteenth-century Antwerp and Leuven

- Przemysław Gawron (Warsaw) and Jan Jerzy Sowa (Warsaw), Military Law between Codes and Realities of Early Modern Warfare. Codification and Decodification of Military Law in 17th Century England, Poland-Lithuania and Sweden

- Juan Manuel Hernandez-Velez (Paris), Emilien Petit (1713-1780) : a comparatist of codification avant la lettre

- Rafal Kaczmarczyk (Warsaw), The diverse model of codification, establishment or recognition of criminal law in Muslim countries

- Piotr Alexandrowicz (Poznan), The Code as an Instrument: the History of Canon Law and the Codification in the Church

- Naveen Kanalu Ramamurthy (Los Angeles), The “Sublime” Jurisprudence of Roman Law: British Jurists and the Codification of Islamic Law in Eighteenth-Century Colonial India

- Sebastian L. Spitra (Vienna), Codifying World Cultural Heritage: The Quest for New Narratives of a Global Legal History 


2) panel 
- Payam Ahmadi-Rouzbahani (Paris), Between Islamic Law and Civilian Tradition: The Particular Role of Codification in Making Iranian Civil Law through French Transplants
- Adrien Wyssbrod (Neuchâtel), The Supremacy of the Code in Continental Europe
- Omer Aloni (Tel Aviv), Whales, high seas and the codification of international law: the League of Nations and the whaling dilemma, a case study in comparative legal history – 1919-1939 
- Evlampia Tsolaki (Thessaloniki), The Paradigm of the Hellenic Civil Code 
- Elisabeth Bruyère (Ghent), Civil Code and Nature Law 
- Kellen Funk (Princeton), An Empire in itself: the Migration of New York’s Remedial Code 
- Julie Rocheton (Paris), The 19th century American Definition of Civil Code 
- Matthieu Juneau (Québec), The influence of the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council on the interpretation of the Civil Code of Lower Canada 
- Airton Ribeiro da Silva Junior (Firenze), Brazilian efforts on the codification of international law in the early twentieth century: the trajectory of the Epitácio Pessoa's draft code on public international law



Thursday 28th of June 14:00 – 19:00 PLENARY SESSION


Ecole normale supérieure, 45, rue d’Ulm, 75005 Paris, Dussane Room (Enter the main building, take the corridor to the left. The Dussane room is at the end on the left).


14h- 15h Registration and Greetings by the ESCLH President Aniceto Masferrer

15H 16h 30 Key Notes:
Catharine MacMillan (King’s College, London):
Why English law is not codified: the unsuccessful efforts of Victorian jurists
Pedro Barbas Homem (University of Lisbon):
Science of legislation and codification. The preparation of codification by legal literature in Portugal and Brazil

16h30 coffee break

17h-18h 30 First panel

- Luigi Lacché (Macerata), An impossible codification? Drafting Principles of Administrative Law: the Italian Experience in a Comparative perspective (19th-20th centuries)
- Matt Dyson (Oxford), Legal Change in Tort in the shadow of codification
- Dirk Heirbaut (Ghent), Past failures are no guarantee of a future flop: why Belgium's dismal codification record may enable radical change today

18h30- 19h Legal education in Paris, Jean-Louis Halpérin


Friday 29th of June, Beginning at 9h00 am, coffee break 10h30-11h, lunch buffet 12h30-13h30, concert and dinner 19h00)

I) Amphitheater Jourdan, 48 boulevard Jourdan 75014 Paris

9h-10h30 Panel Criminal Codification

Karl Härter (Darmstadt), Aniceto Masferrer (Valencia), Isabel Ramos-Vázquez (Jaén), Juan B. Cañizares-Navarro (Jaén), Criminal law and the Limits of State Power in the Era of Codification


11h-12h30 Why a Civil Code?
Hans Schulte-Nölke (Osnabrück), On the purposes of Civil Law Codification
Nir Kedar (Bar-Ilan), The Symbolic Aspect of Civil Code
Constantin Willems (Marburg), Advocating Codes – from Thibaut to European Contract Law

13h30 – 15h00 Panel Legal Practices and Legal Professions in the 19th Century Japan, China, the Ottoman Empire, and England

Murat Burak Aydin (Frankfurt), Lena Foljanty (Frankfurt), Yu Wang (Frankfurt), Zeynep Yazici Caglar (Frankfurt)


15h15-16h45 Panel Hungary Codification

Judit Beke-Martos (Bochum), Zsuzsanna Peres (Budapest), Imre Képessy (Budapest), Modernization through Codification? External and Internal Comparison of the Hungarian Codification History

17h00-18h30 Panel The Codification of Unjustified Enrichment in French Law

Eric Descheemaeker (Melbourne), Jan Hallebeek (Amsterdam), Matthew Campbell (Glasgow) and Pablo Letelier (Universidad de Chile)


II) International University City of Paris (Cité Internationale Universitaire de Paris, Maison des Provinces de France, 59 boulevard Jourdan, salon Abreu)

9h-10h30 Medieval Law

Valerio Massimo Minale (Milano), Dušan's Zakonik: Codification in Maedieval Serbia and Byzantine Heritage 
Tomislav Karlovic (Zagreb), et en fist assises et usages que l’on deust tenir et maintenir et user el roiaume de Jerusalem « Decoding the Laws of the Kingdom of Jerusalem

Andreja Katančevi (Belgrade), The Mining Code of Despot Stefan 
Helen F. Leslie-Jacobsen (Bergen), How Innovative is Innovative? Adaptations of Norwegian Law in New Law Codes in Iceland and Norway from the Tenth to Thirteenth Centuries

11h-12h30 Criminal Law

Stefano Vinci (Bari), Criminal law and Naples Supreme Court case law in the French decade 
Francesco Mastroberti (Bari), The Part II of the Code for the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies: an "excellent" criminal code in a despotic state

Emmanuel Berger (Paraiba), Le Code des délits et des peines du 3 brumaire an IV. Enquête sur les origines et les principes du code de procédure pénale de la Révolution

13h30-15h00 16th /17th centuries

Adam Moniuszko (Warsaw), ‘Codification’ of Polish and Lithuanian law in the 16th-17th centuries: successes, failures and impact on legal systems.

Marek Stary (Prague), The Role of the Monarch on the Codifications of Land Law in the Estates’ State

Adolfo Giuliani (Helsinki), Codes without natural law. The case of Jacopo Menochio's De praesumptionibus (1587)

15h15-16h45 Asia 
Naoki Kanayama (Tokyo), Japan's "Success" in Codification in the Late 19th Century: By Code, with Code and beyond Code

Khohchahar E. Chuluu (Tokyo), Laws of Different Levels:
Central and Regional Codification in Early Modern Mongolia and Japan

Hiromi Sasamoto-Collins (Edinburgh), The Japanese Criminal Code of 1880: Convergence and Resistance in Cultural Exchange

Guliyev Emin (Baku), Jar-Tala Code of law (decree of the Agdam Majlis) as an act of systematization of the Islamic law and adats

17h00-18h30 Panel Criminal Codification Italy

Emilia Musumeci (Teramo), Monica Stronati (Macerata), Paolo Marchetti (Teramo), Riccardo Cavallo (Firenze), A colourful mosaic: doctrinal influences on Italian penal codification in the long Nineteenth Century


III) International University City of Paris, Maison de étudiants de l’Asie du Sud-Est (59 boulevard Jourdan), Salon Asie du Sud-Est


9h-10h30 Rights

Ivan Kosnica (Zagreb), Yugoslav Citizenship Law (1918 – 1941): Between Diversity and Unification

Marju Luts-Sootak, Hesi Siimets-Gross, Marelle Leppik (Tartu), Codification of basic rights in Estonian Constitution (1920) compared with imperial Russian and German republican models

Thomas Mohr (Dublin), Codes of Rights in the British Empire, 1865-1939

11h-12h30 19th/20th centuries


Filippo Rossi (Milan), Dismissal across codes and laws decodes.
Italian and European legal science dealing with the termination of the employment relationship (latter half of the 19 century-first years of the 20 century)

Frederik Dhondt (Brussel), Permanent Neutrality, Stepping-Stone for a Code of Nations

Michal Galedek (Gdansk), Comparative analysis as the method of building the Polish civil law from scratch in the interwar period

Dolores Freda (Napoli), The Italian “emigration code” of 1919

13h30-15h00 20th century


Martin Sunnqvist (Lund), The “Rule of Life”. The Functions of Legislation and Adjudication according to Wilhelm Sjögren in a Comparative Historical Context

Fernando Gil González (London), The theory of Cappelletti in the review of comparative legal history systems in Europe

Hesi Siimets-Gross and Katrin Kiirend-Pruuli (Tartu), Changes of Estonian and Latvian Divorce Law after WWI: in Draft, in Civil Code and outside of them

Valdis Blūzma (Turiba), History of the Codification of Civil Law in Latvia (19th-20th centuries): Overcoming the Territorial and Estate Particularism of Law

15h15-16h45 America

Agustin Parise (Maastricht), Stepping Stones for Law and Society: An Exploration of the Generations of Civil Codes in Latin America (19-21 Centuries)

Joshua Tate (Dallas), Codification of Texas Trust Law, 1943-2017

Diego Nunes (Santa Catarina), Codification, Recodification and Decodification of Law:a History of Legal Dimensions of Justice in the Imperial Brazil by the “Codigo de Processo Criminal” of 1832

17h00-18h30 Civil Law

Piotr Pomianowski (Warsaw), The national codification of civil law in Poland at the beginning of the 19th century. Sources and inspirations

Manuel Gutan (Sibiu), Codification as a Tool of Social Engineering in Modern Romania (!?) The Case of Civil Code Alexandru Ioan

Emőd Veress (Cluj-Napoca), Abrogation of the 1887 Romanian commercial code and the survival of its institutions and concepts, in the context of the new civil Code

19h00 Piano Concert and Buffet in salon Abreu, Maison des Provinces de France


Saturday the 30th of June, light buffet 12:30 to 13:30


I) Amphitheater Jourdan, 48 boulevard Jourdan 75014 Paris

9h-10h30 Codification Movement

Mingzhe Zhu (Pekin), Notions of Law in the Era of Codification

Dmitry Poldnikov (Moscow), Codifying the Laws of the Late Russian Empire: Legal Unification through Contested Western Legal Tradition?

Ditlev Tamm (Copenhagen), To codify or not to codify – the Nordic discussion

11h00-12h30 Legal Periodicals Panel

Marju Luts-Sootak, Merike Ristikivi (Tartu), Sebastiaan Vandenbogaerde (Ghent), Legal Periodicals as Alternative to Codes?


13h30-15h00 Commercial Law

Dave de Ruysscher (Tilburg), Pre-Insolvency Proceedings (France, Belgium and the Netherlands, 1807-c 1910)

Annamaria Monti (Milano), Commercial Codes: the Italian Example in a comparative perspective

Efe Antalyali (Istanbul), Ottoman Jurisprudential Shift: Recpetion of French Commercial Law (1807)

15h 15-16h45 Final Plenary (for all participants)


II) International University City of Paris (Cité Internationale Universitaire de Paris, Maison des Provinces de France, 59 boulevard Jourdan, salon Abreu)

9h-10h30
20th century

Raffaella Bianchi Riva (Milano), Legal Ethics in the 19th and 20th centuries: A code of conduct for Italian and European lawyers?

Dalibor Cepulo (Zagreb), Local court in Croatia: transplant and challenges of modernity

Marcin Lysko (Bialystok), Main problems of the codification works on substantive misdemeanour law in People’s Poland

11h00-12h30 Overseas

Anna Taitslin and Murray Raf (Canberra), Codification or Transplantation? The Case of Absolute Ownership

Ricardo Sontag (Minais Gerais), Models, examples and antimodels: representations of foreign penal codes within the Brazilian codification process (1928-1940)

Paul Swanepoel (KwaZulu-Natal), Codifying Criminal Law in East Africa, 1920-1945

13h30-15h 00 20th century

Coding Authoritarianism: Law, State, Ideology and World War 2

Cosmin Sebastian Cercel (Nottingham), Discontinued Dictatorships: (Re)Coding Authoritarianism in Antonescu's Romania; David Fraser (Nottingham), Decoding the Jew: Vichy's National Legal Revolution; Simon Lavis (Open University), Codes, Codification and Encoding Nazism in the Legal System of the Third Reich; Stephen Skinner (Exeter), Central Authority in Codified and Non-Codified Legal Systems: Law in the Shadow of the State, or the State in the Shadow of the Law?

III) Ecole normale supérieure, 48 boulevard Jourdan, R 3-46.

9h-10h30, 19th and 20th centuries

Arthur Barrêtto de Almeido Costa and Ricardo Sontag (Minais Gerais), Change Through Mercy. Royal Pardon and Criminal Law Reforms in Late 19th Century in Brazil and France

Anna Klimaszewska (Gdansk), Code de commerce of 1807 as an instrument of transforming legal reality - the Polish point of view


Sara Pilloni (Trieste), “Roman Legal Heritage and Codification Processes: the Role of Italian Roman Law Scholars in the Codification of Civil Law”

11h00-12h30 Civil Law

Asya Ostroukh (West Indies), An Unlimited Number of Limited Real Rights: A Story of an Adaptation of French Property Law in Francophone Switzerland, Quebec, and Louisiana in the Nineteenth Century

Katharina Kaesling (Bonn), Codified Conditions vs. Judicial Discretion in Family Law: What codification means for the adaptation of maintenance law to social change

Maria Lewandowicz (Gdansk), How to make impossible possible? On the unification of inheritance law in Switzerland in the 19th century

13h30-15h00 Comparisons

Marianna Muravyeva (Tampere), Gendering the Law or Codifying Gender: Family Law in Early Modern Europe

Raphaël Cahen (Brussels), Joseph Marie Portalis (1778-1858): from comparatism to the idea of a European code of Citizenship

Pim Oosterhuis (Maastricht), Is there something like the ‘Great Litigation Increase’?


VENUES AND HOTELS


Ecole Normale Supérieure


Campus « Quartier latin », 45 rue d’Ulm, 75000 Paris (on the 28th of June, afternoon)


Campus Jourdan 48 boulevard Jourdan 75014 Paris


On the other side of Boulevard Jourdan (number 59), Cité Internationale Universitaire de Paris


The two campus are linked through Underground RER B (stations Luxembourg and Cité Universitaire)


Arrival from Paris airports: Stations Charles de Gaulle Etoile (RER A), Montparnasse (Underground)


Plan of Paris Underground : https://www.ratp.fr/plan-metro


École normale supérieure

45, rue d’Ulm / 29 rue d’Ulm / 24 rue Lhomond

F-75230 Paris cedex 05

Tél. +33 (0)1 44 32 30 00 (standard)



Campus Jourdan

48, boulevard Jourdan

75014 Paris

Tél. +33 (0)1 43 13 61 00 (standard)



Campus Montrouge (with some possible rooms for PhD candidates)

1, rue Maurice Arnoux

92120 Montrouge

Tél. +33 (0)1 58 07 65 00 (standard)








Recommended hotels near the venues of the Conference (approximate price for a night):



Ibis Paris Porte d’Orléans

Adresse : 33 Rue Barbès, 92120 Montrouge, France

Téléphone : +33 1 42 31 67 00

Around 75 €


Hôtel Cujas-Panthéon

Adresse : 18 Rue Cujas, 75005 Paris, France

Téléphone : +33 1 43 54 58 10

Around 150 €



Hôtel de Senlis

Adresse : 9 Rue Malebranche, 75005 Paris, France

Téléphone : +33 1 43 29 93 10

Around 100 €


Hôtel Observatoire Luxembourg

Adresse : 107 Boulevard Saint-Michel, 75005 Paris, France

Téléphone : +33 1 46 34 10 12

Around 230 €


Hotel Novotel Paris 14 Porte d’Orléans

Adresse : 15, 17, 21 boulevard Romain, Rolland, 75014 Paris, France

Téléphone : +33 1 41 17 26 00

Around 125 €


Hotel Mercure Paris Alesia

Adresse : 185 Boulevard Brune, 75014 Paris, France

Téléphone : +33 1 45 39 68 50

Around 140 €


Hôtel du Midi

Adresse : 4 Avenue René Coty, 75014 Paris, France

Téléphone : +33 1 43 27 23 25

Around 120 €



Hotel Max

Adresse : 34 Rue d'Alésia, 75014 Paris, France

Téléphone : +33 1 43 27 60 80

Around 170 €



Hôtel Terminus Orléans

Adresse : 197 Boulevard Brune, 75014 Paris, France

Téléphone : +33 1 45 39 71 44

Around 80 €


Hôtel Best Western Nouvel Orléans Montparnasse

Adresse : 25 Avenue du Général Leclerc, 75014 Paris, France

Téléphone : +33 1 43 27 80 20

Around 160 €


Hôtel Les Jardins du Luxembourg

Adresse : 5 Impasse Royer-Collard, 75005 Paris, France

Téléphone : +33 1 40 46 08 88

Around 170 €


Hôtel Elysa-Luxembourg

Adresse : 6 Rue Gay-Lussac, 75005 Paris, France

Téléphone : +33 1 43 25 31 74

Around 180 €


Hôtel Claude Bernard Saint Germain

Adresse : 43 Rue des Écoles, 75005 Paris

Téléphone : 01 43 26 32 52

Around 150 €


Hotel Best Western Bretagne Montparnasse

Adresse : 33 Rue Raymond Losserand, 75014 Paris

Téléphone : 01 45 38 52 59

Around 130 €


Hotel Montparnasse Daguerre

Adresse : 94 Rue Daguerre, 75014 Paris

Téléphone : 01 43 22 43 54

Around 130€


The attendance to the Conference is free for every member of the ESCLH. It needs the payment of a fee for non-members. Please inform jean-louis.halperin@ens in case of attendance to the Conference.


























15 April 2018

CONFERENCE: Les acteurs européens du "printemps des peuples" 1848 (Paris, 31 May – 2 June 2018)


(Source: Evenium.net)

Sorbonne Université, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne, Centre d’histoire du XIXe siècle and LabEx EHNE are organising a colloquium on the Revolutions of 1848 coming May, several panels include legal historians.

ABOUT

Colloque international du cent soixante-dixième anniversaire
31 mai – 2 juin, Sorbonne Université, Amphi Guizot (17 rue de la Sorbonne, 75005 Paris)

Organisateurs : Sorbonne Université, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne, Centre d’histoire du XIXe siècle, LabEx EHNE

Après le colloque du cent cinquantième anniversaire de 1848 organisé par la Société de 1848 et des révolutions du XIXe siècle qui a marqué un important jalon historiographique, il a paru important, exactement vingt ans plus tard, de porter un nouveau regard sur cet événement majeur du XIXe s., et cela en répondant d’abord au souhait maintes fois formulé par Maurice Agulhon d’en mieux connaître les acteurs, au moment précis où le Dictionnaire des dirigeants français de 1848 du Centre d’histoire du XIXe s. de Sorbonne Université et de Panthéon-Sorbonne, publié sous son patronage, constitue une nouvelle étape qui permet d’aller plus loin ; mais il s’agit aussi d’élargir la focale pour s’intéresser cette fois à l’ensemble du printemps des peuples. La question centrale de ces journées est ainsi : Qu’est-ce qu’être un acteur du printemps des peuples 1848 ? On s’appuie notamment ici sur la notion de protagoniste telle que définie par Haïm Burstin à propos de la Révolution française de 1789, tout en étant extrêmement attentif aux effets de positions dans l’espace géographique, social et culturel. Le programme, établi, après un appel international, propose une quarantaine d’interventions portant sur toute l’Europe. La table ronde conclusive doit permettre de dresser les profils-types d’acteurs européens du printemps des peuples et de répondre à la question centrale du colloque.

Inscription obligatoire pour accéder au bâtiment : http://printempsdespeuples.evenium.net

Contact et informations : labex.ehne2@gmail.com

The programme can be found here

For more information, please visit the conference’s webpage  

BOOK: Jens MEIERHENRICH, The Remnants of the Rechtsstaat : An Ethnography of Nazi Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018). ISBN 9780198814412, $54.95




Oxford University Press will publish a new book on Nazi Law and the legal origins of dictatorship next month. The book can be pre-ordered with the publisher.

ABOUT

This book is an intellectual history of Ernst Fraenkel's The Dual State (1941, reissued 2017), one of the most erudite books on the theory of dictatorship ever written. Fraenkel's was the first comprehensive analysis of the rise and nature of Nazism, and the only such analysis written from within Hitler's Germany. His sophisticated-not to mention courageous-analysis amounted to an ethnography of Nazi law. As a result of its clandestine origins, The Dual State has been hailed as the ultimate piece of intellectual resistance to the Nazi regime.

In this book, Jens Meierhenrich revives Fraenkel's innovative concept of "the dual state," restoring it to its rightful place in the annals of public law scholarship. Blending insights from legal theory and legal history, he tells in an accessible manner the remarkable gestation of Fraenkel's ethnography of law from inside the belly of the behemoth. In addition to questioning the conventional wisdom about the law of the Third Reich, Meierhenrich explores the legal origins of dictatorship elsewhere, then and now. The book sets the parameters for a theory of the "authoritarian rule of law," a cutting edge topic in law and society scholarship with immediate policy implications.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Jens Meierhenrich, Associate Professor of International Relations, London School of Economics and Political Science

Jens Meierhenrich is Associate Professor of International Relations at the London School of Economics and Political Science, and previously taught for a decade at Harvard University. His books include The Legacies of Law, which won the American Political Science Association's 2009 Woodrow Wilson Foundation Award for the best book in politics, government, or international affairs; and, as co-editor, The Oxford Handbook of Carl Schmitt.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction: The Remnants of the Rechtsstaat
1. Behemoth and Beyond: Theories of the Nazi State
2. The Making of a Cause Lawyer
3. The Debate about the Rechtsstaat in Nazi Germany, 1933-1936
4. An Ethnography of Nazi Law: The Gestation of The Dual State, 1936-1941
5. "A Rational Core within an Irrational Shell": An Institutional Theory of Dictatorship
6. The Decline of a Classic: Explaining the Reception of The Dual State
Conclusion: Authoritarian Rule of Law

For more information, see the publisher’s website

13 April 2018

CALL FOR PAPERS: Family and Justice in the Archives: Histories of Intimacy in Transnational Perspective (Montreal, Canada 6-7 May 2019), DEADLINE 31 MAY 2018



Via the Canadian Legal History blog, we have the following call for papers:

Family and Justice in the Archives will bring together historians, legal scholars, and others for a discussion about the challenges and opportunities offered by the use of legal records for exploring the intimate worlds of family life. The intimacies that interest us were located initially in the private spaces of lineage, estate, family, household, and bedroom; they are both dramatic and quotidian, material and emotional, and invariably tied up in gendered and generational hierarchies of power and privilege. At the same time, they are made accessible – years, generations, or centuries later – through the written traces left by public proceedings that occurred in legally sanctioned spaces of social regulation, from the notary’s office to the criminal or civil courtroom to the legislative arena. We are especially interested in the ways in which historians and other scholars have been unpacking the stories of intimacy revealed in processes of legal regulation to develop rich new insights about family, gender, sex, power, culture, identity, and daily life throughout history and across the planet.

Through this two-day symposium, we seek to encourage transnational conversations about families, the law, and the archives. The conveners have been exploring Quebec’s rich judicial archives with the following questions in mind: How did the judicial system transmit and reinforce hegemonic notions of class, race, ethnicity, and gender? How, when, and why did family disputes over property, honour, rights, or reputation cross the judicial threshold to become the object of court proceedings? What levels of intra-familal violence were tolerated and at what point were state authorities called upon to intervene? How did a particular blend of legal codes and cultures reflect the society’s wider assumptions about acceptable and respectable conduct for women and men, especially in the area of sexuality, courtship, family formation, and sexual identity? How and when did judicial rulings and court proceedings diverge from legal code or custom in response to local circumstances? Did some litigants manage to manoeuvre, manipulate, challenge, or even change the law through their encounters with the judicial apparatus? And what happened when individuals crossed the boundaries of the acceptable and respectable into transgressive, deviant, or criminalized behaviour?

Family and Justice in the Archives seeks to broaden those discussions radically outwards towards a wide range of times, places, cultures, and legal systems. Participants are invited to present work on how stories of intimacy – sexual, emotional, domestic, or otherwise – are revealed in and shaped by the legal archives they use. We hope to foster discussion of these questions across as broad a range of historical and geographical contexts as possible, pre-modern and modern, settler-colonial and Indigenous, with special attention to situations (like Quebec) where some form of legal pluralism prevailed. We welcome proposals for papers that engage with these questions and on a wide range topics that may include adoption, bigamy, child custody, divorce and separation, domestic violence, family honour, filial duty, inheritance, juvenile justice, marital obligations, parental authority, reproductive rights, sexual diversity, sexual violence, and sibling relationships, to name just these few.

Family and Justice in the Archives will inaugurate a new, biennial series and is presented in partnership with the Centre interuniversitaire d’études québécoises (Université Laval/Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières) and the Centre d’histoire des régulations sociales (Université du Québec à Montréal). The program committee is co-chaired by Professors Eric Reiter and Peter Gossage in the Department of History at Concordia University in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Those interested in participating are invited to please send a 250-word abstract and a one-page curriculum vitae (or brief author biography) to LAWS.Symposium@Concordia.ca by 31 May 2018.


NOTICE: Treaties in Declarations and Manifestos of War (Data Set, Yale Law School Lillian Goldman Law Library)


(Source: Yale Law School)

The Yale Law School has recently made a data set which records all known war manifestos issued by sovereigns between 1492 and 1945 freely available. The data set can be consulted at https://documents.law.yale.edu/manifestos. Please find the communication below:


This data set records all known war manifestos issued by sovereigns between 1492 and 1945. These manifestos were collected, analyzed, and coded by a research team at Yale Law School studying the various categories of claims used to justify resort to war throughout history.

Citation

We ask users of the data set to cite it as follows:
Oona A. Hathaway, William Holste, Scott J. Shapiro, Jacqueline Van De Velde, Lisa Wang, War Manifestos Database (2017), http://documents.law.yale.edu/manifestos. Users may also wish to reference the following article, which describes war manifestos in detail: Oona A. Hathaway, William Holste, Scott J. Shapiro, Jacqueline Van De Velde, Lisa Wang, War Manifestos (unpublished manuscript, 2017).

Overview

This data set contains the list of war manifestos collected and analyzed by the War Manifestos Project. The data set identifies the year the manifesto was issued; name of the manifesto; issuing sovereign; receiving sovereign; and related conflict or war. It also identifies whether the manifesto is a manifesto, counter-manifesto, or quasi-manifesto, as defined below.

The War Manifestos project includes a war manifesto issued between 1492 and 1945 if it meets the following criteria: a manifesto is a (1) public document (2) issued by a sovereign (3) against another sovereign (4) containing the reasons for going to war. A counter-manifesto is a manifesto that meets these criteria and is issued in direct response to an earlier manifesto. A quasi-manifesto is a manifesto that meets all but one of the criteria.

Coders noted whether each manifesto contained the following twelve categories of common just war claims: (1) enforcement of inheritance laws, succession rules and other hereditary rights; (2) self-defense or repelling aggression; (3) balance of power concerns; (4) declaration of independence; (5) tortious wrongs; (6) collection of debts; (7) protection of trade interests; (8) protection of diplomatic relations; (9) humanitarian considerations; (10) religious claims; (11) violation of a treaty obligation; and (12) other reasons. Coders also noted the manifesto’s primary justification and whether the manifesto made any reference to the law of war or the law of nations.

Data Set

The files associated with the war manifestos data set can be obtained via permalink by clicking on the title of the manifesto. Files are intended for educational and non-commercial use only. Every effort has been made to give copyright credit where available. Please contact us with any questions or concerns. We also invite users of the database to notify us if they locate any manifestos that are not already included in the database. We will update the data set whenever we receive new materials.

Questions and Feedback

This data set is hosted by the Yale Law School Library. Questions about the data set may be emailed to Professor Oona Hathaway at oona.hathaway at yale.edu.

NOTICE - Second ESCLH Poster Competition funded by Springer




Please find the following notice regarding the 5th Biennal Conference of the ESCLH (Paris, 28-30 June 2018) below: 
The European Society for Comparative Legal History (ESCHL) is pleased to announce the Second ESCLH Poster Competition, for a second year generously sponsored by Springer International Publishing AG. The ESCLH invites PhD-students to present their research in the field of comparative legal history in form of a poster. The idea is to communicate the core of your research visually through a DIN A1-poster. The competition will be part of the ESCLH 5th Biennal Conference in Paris from 28 June to 30 June 2018.
Participants must submit their poster together with a CV and an abstract of their research before 3pm, Thursday 28 June 2018, when registering for the conference. Each participant will  present his or her poster on Friday 29 June 2018. The best poster will be selected by a prize committee. The prize will be awarded in the plenary session on Saturday 30 June 2018.
The winner will receive a prize money of 200 Euro from Springer.
If there are any remaining questions concerning the prize, please contact:
phillip.hellwege@jura.uni-augsburg.de

11 April 2018

NOTICE: Basilica Online - Justinian's Corpus Iuris in the Byzantine world


(Source: Brill)

Brill has just announced that its new database “Basilica Online: Justinian's Corpus Iuris in the Byzantine World” is now available for trials. All information can be found on Brill’s website.

Basilica Online is a fully-searchable online edition of the 17 volumes of the Basilica text and its scholia, as edited between 1945 and 1988 by H.J. Scheltema, D. Holwerda, and N. van der Wal. TheBasilica is the single-most important source for Byzantine law throughout the period of the Byzantine empire, and is a major source for Byzantine studies more broadly. 

Added Features and Benefits 

- Most recent and accurate edition of the Basilica text and its scholia.
- Fully searchable in both Latin and Greek.
- All critical apparatus of the edition included.
- Browsing and navigation functionalities at volume (volumen), book (liber) or chapter (titulus) level.
- Full academic introduction written specifically for the online edition by Professor Dr B. H. Stolte.
- Comprehensive and up-to-date bibliography compiled by Dr T. E. van Bochove.
- Collective index to the text and scholia.

Readership:
Researchers with interests in Byzantine law, Byzantine society, medieval legal history, Roman law and its afterlives, and medieval Greek language.